The characteristics of string: the power level

la-potenza-della-corda

Power is the response of the string in terms  more or less elastic and reactive to external stresses.
A powerful string gives more ball depth and a less powerful string gives less ball depth.

The power of the string can be defined according to how much the string pushes and returns energy to the ball giving a feeling of dynamism and reactivity under the action of the player’s swing.

The power of the filament is determined, with the same frame, tension and other  conditions, by physical and perceptual parameters that mix in a single “sensation”.

As far as the physical component is concerned, it contributes to the definition of power, the energy dissipated during loading and unloading, or technically speaking, by the energy connected to the hysteresis cycle.
In a nutshell, if a string disperses little energy during the impact phase (loading and unloading) it is very powerful, while if a string disperses a lot of energy due to the effect of ductility, we can define the string as not very powerful.

String hysteresis cycle
cycle of little powerful string hysteresis (> ductile energy) — cycle of powerful string hysteresis (< ductile energy)

A second fundamental element in defining the power of a tennis string at a perceptual level is the static stiffness of the string tested.

The more rigid the string is, the more it is oriented towards control and less towards pushing as well as on the contrary, the softer the string is, the more it is oriented towards pushing and less towards control.

The stiffness of the string has a great impact on the perceived power and consequently we will have to choose the value of static stiffness depending on our characteristics of play, physical condition, ability to accelerate the ball and power generated.

Power graph

Another element not to be underestimated is the sound of the string, the noise it develops, knowing that the louder the noise, the higher will be the perception of power returned by the string at the impact with the ball.